HANDBOOK FOR CANDIDATES
(CHAPTER 1, PARA 5.1)
EXTRACT FROM CONSTITUTION OF INDIA
From the Representation of the People Act, 1950.
Extracts from the representation of the people act,1951
Right to vote-
326. Elections to the
House of the People and to the Legislative Assemblies of States to be on the basis of
adult suffrage. - The elections to the House of the People and to the Legislative Assembly
of every State shall be on the basic of adult suffrage ;that is to say every person who is
a citizen of India and who is not less than eighteen years of age on such date as may be
fixed in that behalf by of under any law made by the appropriate Legislature and is not
otherwise disqualified under this Constitution or any law made by the appropriate
Legislature on the ground of non-residence,unsoundness of mind, crime or corrupt or
illegal practice shall be entitled to be registered as a voter at any such election.
Extracts From the
Representation of the People Act, 1950.
14 (b)"qualifying date", in relation to the preparation or revision of every
electoral roll under this part, means (the 1st day of January) of the year in which it is
so prepared or revised;)
(Provided that "qualifying date", in relation to the preparation or revision of
every electoral roll under this part in the year 1989, shall be the 1st day of
15. Electoral roll for every constituency.- For every constituency there shall be an
electoral roll which shall be prepared in accordance with the provisions of this Act under
the superintendence, direction and control of the Election Commission .
16. Disqualification for registration in an electoral roll-
(1) A person shall be disqualified for registration in an electoral roll if he,-
(a) is not a citizen of India; or
(b) is of unsound mind and stands so declared by a competent Court;or
(c) is for the time being disqualified from voting under the provisions of any law
relating to corrupt practices and other offences in connection with election .
(2) The name of any person who becomes so disqualified after registration shall forthwith
be struck off the electoral roll in which it is included:
Provided that the name of any person struck off the electoral roll of a constituency by
reason of disqualification under clause (c)of sub section (1) shall forthwith be
re-instated in that roll if such disqualification is, during the period such roll is in
force, removed under any law authorizing such removal.
17. No person to be registered in more than one constituency. -No person shall be entitled
to be registered in the electoral roll for more than one constituency.
18. No person to be registered more than once in any constituency. - No person shall be
entitled to be registered in the electoral roll for any constituency more than once.
19. Conditions of registrations. - Subject to the foregoing provisions of this part, every
(a) is not less than eighteen years of age on the qualifying date; and
(B) is ordinarily resident in a constituency; shall be entitled to be registered in the
electoral roll for that constituency.
Extracts from the
representation of the people act,1951
11-A Disqualification arising out of conviction and corrupt practices.- (1) If any
person, after the commencement of this act is convicted of an offence punishable under
section 171-E or section 171-F of the Indian Penal Code (45of 1860), or under section 125
or section 135 or clause (a) of Sub-Section (2) of Section 136 of this Act, he shall for a
period of six years from the date of the conviction or from the date on which the order
takes effects is disqualified for voting at any election .
(2) Any person disqualified by a decision of the president under sub-section(I) of section
8-A for any period shall be disqualified for the same period for voting at any election.
(3) The decision of the President on a petition submitted by any person under sub-section
(2) of section 8-A in respect of any disqualification for being chosen as, and for being,
a member of either House of Parliament or of the Legislative Assembly or Legislative
Council of a State shall, so far as may be apply in respect of the disqualification for
voting at any election incurred by him under clause (b) of subsection (1) of section 11-A
of this Act as is stood immediately before the commencement of the Election Laws
(Amendment) Act, 1975, as if such decision were a decision in respect of the said
disqualification for voting also.
62. Right to vote-
(1) No person who is not, and except as expressly provided by this Act, every person who
is, for the time being entered in the electoral roll of any constancy shall be entitled to
vote in that constituency.
(2) No person shall vote at an election in any constituency if he is, subject to any of
the disqualifications referred to in section 16 of the Representation of the People Act,
1950 (43 of 1950)
(3) No person shall vote at a General Election in more than one constituency of the same
class and if a person votes in more than one such constituency, his votes in all such
constituencies shall be void.
(4) No person shall at any election vote in the same constituency more than once,
notwithstanding that his name may have been registered in the electoral roll for that
constituency more than once, and if he does so vote, all his votes in that constituency
shall be void.
(5) No person shall vote at any election if he is confined in a prison whether under a
sentence of imprisonment or transportation or otherwise or is in the lawful custody of the
Provided that nothing in this sub-section shall apply to a person subjected to preventive
detention under any law for the time being in force.
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